دسته بندی شکل سنگ ها

دسته بندی شکل سنگ ها :

1- شکل سنگ به صورت طبیعی

2- شکل سنگ به صورت ساختگی

1-شکل سنگ طبیعی:

‫سنگ رود خانه ای‬‎
‫سنگ رود خانه ای‬‎

سنگ رودخانه ای :این سنگها به دلیل غلتیدن سنگ های رود خانه به روی هم به وجود می آیند

همین امر منجر به گرد گوشه شدن آنها می شود

سنگ کوهی : به صورن لبه تیز هستند و مستقیما از معدا استخراج می شوند .

سنگ لاشه  : این سنگ ها در نتیجه عمل انفجار یا پس از خورد کردن قطعات بزرگ تر سنگ بدست می آید

و شکل خاص و سطوحی مشخصی ندارند

استفاده از سنگ لاشه بدون اینکه گوشه تیز و لبه دار آن گرفته شود مجاز نیست

مگر با ابعاد کوپکتر از 15 سانت که به عنوان پر کننده از آن استفادهمی شود.

سنگ لایه لایه یا تخته ای : این سنگ ها استحکام چندانیندارند

و حداقل ضخامن آنها در کار های بنایی نباید کتر از 8 سانت باشد

2-شکل سنگ ها ساختگی :

سنگ قواره ای :سنگ قواره که با حذف گوشه های تیز و زاید سنگ لاشه بدست می آید .

ابعاد آن نباید کمتر 15 سانت باشد

سنگ بادبر یا رگه ای : این نوع سنگ به صورت تقریبا مکعبی در می آیند

سطح نما ی آنها را تقریبا مربع یا مستطیل شکل می سازند

حراکثر برجستگی سطح نمای آنها 4 سانت و حداقل عرض و ارتفاع آنها 20-15 سانت است

سنگ بادکوبه ای :ای سنگ ها در حقیقت سنگ سر تراشیست

که دور تا دور وجه نمای آن را به عرض 1.5 تا 3 سانت با قلم تراش دادند و باقی سطح نما را تیشه داری می کنند.

سنگ اندازه یا حکمی : اگر سنگ به اندازه ی مشخصی که در نقشه منظور شده است در آید به آن سنگ اندازه می گویند

سنگ چند نما یا تمام تراش :اگر همه ی سطوح عمود و افقی سنگ را دست تراش نمایند به آن سنگ دست تراش می گویند

سنگ چند وجهی :این سنگ ها به صورت چند وجهی نا منظم در آمده و در نما در کنار هم قفل وبست می شود

در این نوع سنگ ها ابعاد وجوه نباید کمتر از 10 سانت باشد

سنگ پلاک: در کارخانه سنگهای قله را به ضخامت و ابعاد مورد نیاز می برند

به این دسته سنگ ها که معمولا 4 گوش و دارای لبه های قائم عستند سنگ پلاک می گویند

برای نمونه سنگ های گر انیت مرغوب را تا 3 میلی متر ضحامت برش داده و پرداخت می کنند

 

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